is there anyone can help me for my biology lab report?

is there anyone can help me for my biology lab report?


How do you know that photosynthesis was produces during cell respiration?

How do you know that photosynthesis was produces during cell respiration?


Digging into Data Ch16, Ch17 and Ch 18

Answer Chapter 16, 17 and Chapter 18 “Digging into Data” questions, save your answers in a MS Word document.

TIPS: Chapter 16’s DID is on page 316 and has 3 questions, while chapter 17’s DID is on page 346 and has 3 questions Chapter 18’s DID d on page 363, and there are 4 questions to answer. So you should be submitting a total of 10 questions 🙂



Discussion Board 1 BIO. PLEASE READ ALL!!!!!!!


Develop a response to this question. Ensure you have answered all parts of the question completely. Complete this assignment described below using complete sentences in a paragraph format, and be sure to check your spelling when complete. 


The video, Chemistry of life, linked to this chapter provides an explanation of what leads to the emergent properties of water and how these properties provide conditions for living organisms to thrive. At one time, it was thought that living things could be found only where a moderate range of abiotic factors (such as temperature & pH) existed. Since the discovery of extremophiles, micro-organisms that thrive in extreme environments, our understanding of where life can exist has changed. Some extremophiles live in hot, acidic sulfur springs and some even live near the openings of deep ocean hydrothermal vents.

Based on our current knowledge of extremophiles that exist on planet Earth, what does the existence of life in such extreme environments say about the possibility of life on other planets?     Provide at least one specific example.

Respond to Others: Read the postings of your classmates and comment on at least one other student’s response. Do you agree with his/her interpretation? Why? Why not?

Discussion Board Grading Rubric:

1. Original posting: (7 points) Posting is at least 100 words, and has proper grammar and punctuation (2 points). Posting fully addresses the discussion board questions. (2 points) Discussion is original and at a critical level, not just recitation of facts. (2 points) Proper citation of references. (1 point)

2. Reply to peer discussion posts: (3 points) Discuss one point you like/agree with, and one point you dislike/disagree with and explain why. (2 points)
Length of positing consists of approximately 100 words minimum. (1 point)

Before you submit your post, use the grading rubric to be sure you have actually met all of the requirements of discussion posts in general.



 NAME:    Jason Brewer          Unit 1 Discussion

Due to the discovery and research of extremophiles on Earth, the possibility of life on other planets has increased. This is because if a basic form of life can survive and grow in an extreme condition on Earth, what is stopping life from growing on other planets that may also house an extreme environment. Seth Shostak a senior astronomer at the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) Institute talks about this idea, and how extremophiles that live at the bottom of our oceans, are living in conditions that are similar to environments on Jupiter’s moons or Europa’s ocean (American Museum of Natural History, 2012). These findings and the research that followed are huge strides in the study of extraterrestrial life and maybe enough evidence for further research into travelling to other planets to find life.

American Museum of Natural History. (2012, March 8). Extremophiles and Life Beyond Earth: AMNH. Retrieved January 15, 2020, from 


< PSY Test Bank – Bio >

< PSY Test Bank – Bio >


Watch Usyk Vs Bellew Full Fight Live Stream Free UK Boxing Online TV Channel


A pair of reigning conference champions face off at Thompson-Boling  Arena on Friday night when No. 6 Tennessee plays host to Louisiana for a  7 p.m. ET tip on SEC Network

 Watch Usyk vs Bellew Full Fight LIVE Stream FREE  

Opponent: Louisiana Ragin’ Cajuns
Tipoff: Nov. 9, 7:01 p.m. ET
Venue: Thompson-Boling Arena
Watch Online: SEC Network+ (WatchESPN)
Radio: Vol Network
Online: Live Audio | Live Stats

RELATED  LINKS Buy Tickets Game Day Information SEC Clubhouse Follow @Vol_Hoops  TENNESSEE Roster Schedule 2018-19 Stats Game Notes (PDF) LOUISIANA  Roster Schedule 2018-19 Stats Game Notes (PDF) THE LATEST FROM THE VOLS  Vols Cruise to Season-Opening Win Over Lenoir-Rhyne, 86-41 Tennessee  Tops Tusculum in Exhibition, 87-48 Vols Earn Highest AP Preseason  Ranking Ever at No. 6 Basketball Single-Game Tickets on Sale Tuesday;  Promotions Schedule Unveiled Walk-Through Metal Detectors in Use at  Thompson-Boling Arena
Tickets are available at  Also, as part of Tennessee Athletics’ Salute to Service Weekend,  current military members and veterans may present a Military ID or DD  214 at Gate C, Gate E or the ticket tent located on Phillip Fulmer Way  prior to entering Thompson-Boling Arena for complimentary admission for  themselves and any immediate family members.

Tennessee (1-0)  opened the season with a victory, topping Lenoir-Rhyne 86-41 on Tuesday  night. All five starters finished the game in double figures, led by  Jordan Bone’s 18 points. Kyle Alexander chipped in a career-high 16  points while tallying four blocks in the contest.

The Ragin’  Cajuns (1-0) come to Knoxville off a 121-80, season-opening win over the  University of the Virgin Islands. The reigning Sun Belt Conference  champions had six players in double figures, led by a pair of 19-point  performances from JaKeenan Gant and Malik Marquetti. As a team, ULL shot  67.1 percent from the field (including 58.3 percent from three) while  forcing 22 turnovers.

The Louisiana Ragin’  Cajuns (1-0) enter Friday night’s matchup in Thompson-Boling Arena with  aspirations to improve upon an impressive 2017-18 campaign.Sun Belt  Conference Coach of the Year Bob Marlin led the Ragin’ Cajuns to a  record-breaking year as Louisiana won a school-record 27 games and  earned its first outright Sun Belt Conference regular-season title since  the 1999-2000 season. The Ragin’ Cajuns won 20 of 22 games from  December through February while dominating the league statistics,  finishing as the league leader in 10 categories, including scoring  offense (83.2), field-goal percentage (.464), free-throw percentage  (.761) and assists (17.4).While first-team All-Sun Belt Conference  players Frank Bartley and Bryce Washington graduated, the Ragin’ Cajuns  return three starters, including Sun Belt Conference Newcomer of the  Year and Defensive Player of the Year JaKeenan Gant (13.7 ppg, 5.8 rpg,  2.3 bpg).With nine upperclassmen on the roster and three transfers from  “Power Five” programs, Louisiana has the experience and talent to once  again compete for a Sun Belt title in 2018-19 and will offer a good  early-season test for the Volunteers.In their season opener against  Virgin Islands, the Ragin’ Cajuns were lights out from the floor,  knocking down 67 percent of their shots in a 121-80 victory. Gant  finished with 19 points, four rebounds, three assists and three blocks  in 25 minutes of action. Senior guard Marcus Stroman, a transfer from  South Carolina, was on the cusp of recording a triple-double with 10  assists, eight points and eight rebounds.

Tennessee will make its  fourth all-time appearance in the NIT Season Tip-Off later this month.  The four-team field consists of the Vols, Kansas, Louisville and  Marquette, taking place in Brooklyn, N.Y., at the Barclays Center.
Tennessee  opens play with a matchup against Louisville on Nov. 21 at 5 p.m. ET.  The other side of the bracket features a contest between Kansas and  Marquette. The winners and losers of each game on Nov. 21 will meet two  days later on Nov. 23.In its last NIT Season Tip-Off appearance, UT won  the 2010 championship with victories over VCU and Villanova. The Vols  also appeared in the 1992 and 2006 NIT Season Tip-Offs. The Big Orange  defeated Rutgers before falling to Seton Hall in 1992. In 2006, UT  suffered losses to Butler and North Carolina at Madison Square  Garden.Both Tennessee (No. 6) and the Jayhawks (No. 1) enter the season  ranked in the top 10 of the AP preseason poll. If the two teams were to  face off and the rankings hold, the game would mark UT’s fifth contest  against a top-10 non-conference foe during the last three seasons.

Senior  wing Admiral Schofield and junior forward Grant Williams enter the  season less than 100 points away from eclipsing the 1,000-point mark for  their careers.A total of 48 Vols have accomplished that feat during  their time on Rocky Top, with Robert Hubbs III being the most recent  addition to the 1K Club in 2016-17.
Schofield (960 points) and  Williams (933 points) could both reach the milestone within the first  month of the season. The last time a UT duo achieved the feat in the  same season was during the 2013-14 campaign, as eventual NBA Draft picks  Jordan McRae (1,521 points) and Jarnell Stokes (1,129 points) joined  the club while helping lead Tennessee to a Sweet Sixteen appearance.
All-time, UT has had 10 duos reach 1,000 points in the same season, including Ernie Grunfeld and Bernard King in 1975-76.
Along  with this year’s All-SEC duo, junior guard LamontĂ© Turner also could  surpass 1,000 career points this season. At 644 career points, the 2018  SEC Co-Sixth Man of the Year needs just 356 points to reach 1,000. Last  year, Turner finished the season with 381 points. If all three were to  eclipse the mark, it would mark the first time a Tennessee trio has done  so in the same year.

Tennessee’s  All-SEC duo of Admiral Schofield and Grant Williams continued garnering  preseason recognition Monday, as the Atlanta Tipoff Club announced its  watch list for the 2019 Citizen Naismith Trophy Men’s Player of the  Year.Tennessee was one of 11 schools to have multiple players on the  list, including Duke, Gonzaga, Indiana, Kansas, Kansas State, Kentucky,  Nevada, North Carolina, Villanova and Virginia. The Vols could also  potentially face 13 players named to the list during the regular season.

Grant  Williams racked up his third preseason national player of the year  consideration, as the John R. Wooden Award presented by Wendy’s  announced its Preseason Top 50 Watch List.Chosen by a preseason poll of  national college basketball experts, the list is comprised of 50  student-athletes who are the early front-runners for the most  prestigious honors in college basketball, the Wooden Award All American  Team™ and Most Outstanding Player Award.The Wooden Award All American  Team™ will be announced the week of the “Elite Eight” round of the NCAA  Tournament. The winner of the 2019 John R. Wooden Award will be  presented by Wendy’s during the ESPN College Basketball Awards on  Friday, April 12, 2019


i need this within 12 hours, must be quality work otherwise i will dispute and will give you bad feedback

 The essay questions for the midterm exam.Minimum one page, double spaced page, 12 font per answer. (assignment says atleast one half page if it is single spaced,one full page if double spaced) Each answerneeds documentation from the readings and examples (documentation does not just mean list a book or a website. The reference must apply to a page of the book or a specific place on a website). Note, these are essay questions so each question needs an essay for an answer. Number your answers. I will not search through a long write up for individual answers. Your answers should not be generalizations but should include actual examples.

26) Why are top predators so rare and green plants so common in terrestrial ecological communities? Please provide examples of each to support your answer. (Think in terms of energy transfer)

27) Name at least twogroups of organisms that donot fit the biological-species concept and describe why. Which species concept best fits the groups you have chosen and why?

28) Describe how adaptive radiations develop. Please provide two examples to support your answer.

29) Why is there no single overall measure of biodiversity?

30) Compare microevolution and macroevolution, including evidence, examples, and the main proponents of each theory. Which concept has had a greater influence on the rise of biodiversity?


write an abstract about the essay



The nervous system and the brain have several diverse forms in different types of organisms. From simple nerve nets to complex systematically layered structures, the nervous system comes in various sizes as well as organizational morphologies. The range and structural differences between brains are indicative of the variety of environment and ecological niches organisms inhabit, as well as their different (Powers, 2014). Therefore, whether simple or elaborate, the nervous system and the brain are adaptive. As articulated in Elphick, (2013), Holland et al. (2013), DeFelipe (2013), Holland (2015), and Torday and Miller (2016), both the central and peripheral nervous system have evolved depending on the selective environmental pressures to which organisms have been subjected. Consequently, in investigating the evolution of the different parts of the brain of different vertebrates, some general morphological and functional features are apparent. For example, in certain reptiles (snakes and lizards) and some mammals (dogs), neural structures such as the olfactory bulb are more advanced and of considerable size (Tattersall, 2006). These features are less prominent in other organisms such as the herbivores and humans. 

The same trend is apparent when moving from early primitive life forms to more evolved organisms. This is particularly true in the function of the lower brainstem as well as cerebral cortex (Torday and Miller, 2016). In most vertebrates, therefore, including mammals and reptiles, the underlying architecture of brains, particularly the brainstem, can be recognized across organisms despite the subtle differences that might exist among them (Rehkämper and Zilles, 1991). Correlated with the development of the brain is the capacity to learn.  Mammals, birds, and mollusks show a higher learning capacity than others. (Ghysen, A., 2003). This article compares the Central Nervous System (CNS) of reptiles and mammals. The (CNS) comprised of the brain and the spinal cord (MessĂ© et al., 2014). The CNS also contains most of the neurons (nerve cells) in the body that includes the peripheral nervous system.


Similarities in the CNS

The nervous system in both mammals and reptiles is organized into discernible regions based on structure and intended function. For example, both groups have similar subdivisions of the brain: the forebrain (divided into the telencephalon and diencephalon), the midbrain, and the hindbrain (Ghysen, 2003). In mammals, the structure of the hindbrain remains more conserved than the forebrain does (Ghysen, 2003). Reptiles and mammals share similar parts of the brain. These parts are the basal ganglia, brain stem, and cerebellum. These brain parts handle identical body functions such as the coordination of movement, breathing, balance, and the simple urges of survival like defense, flight, mating, and feeding (Elphick et al., 2013; Steinhausen et al., 2016. In both organisms, the cerebellum has various segments that include the archicerebellum, paleocerebellum, and the neocerebellum. Collectively, the cerebellum is concerned with a host of functions including balance and equilibrium as well (skilled) movements (Naumann et al., 2015). In reptiles, the paleocerebellum forms the greatest mass of the cerebellum while in mammals the development of the entire cerebellum is linked with the cerebral cortex (Messé et al., 2014).

Differences in the CNS

Compared to mammals, the brain of reptiles is significantly smaller. The reptilian cortex also consists of far fewer subdivisions than that of mammals, particularly when compared to primates, canidae, and rodents (Laurent et al., 2016). Unlike mammals, reptiles also have a variety of mechanoreceptors, which they use to not only sense vibrations but also sound and other forms of mechanical disturbance (Siminoff and Kruger, 1968). This is true especially in snakes. Reptiles have muscle spindles spread across their body that help detect and control the stretch of their body muscles (Siminoff and Kruger, 1968).  

Moreover, thgroughout the mammalian evolutionary history, the mammilkian hindbrain retained much of the initial recognizable structure (Ghysen, 2003) as an enlarged anterior segment of the spinal cord. It encloses a network of dorsal and ventral sensory and motor nerve endings. In contrast, the reptilian hind brain is just a longitudinal continuation of the spinal cord (Naumann et al., 2015). Very little is known, whether this spinal cord-brain continuity formation in reptilians houses some of the cranial nerves as it does in mammals. In mammals, 25 cranial nerves can be observed; innervating the muscles of the head region and specialized sense organs, including taste buds on the surface of the body. Moreover, the telencephalon in mammals consists of a dorsal pallial area that differentiates into the cerebral cortex region (Kaas, 2011).  


Similarities in the function of CNS

Reptiles and mammals harbor a diverse set of sensory organs that use the brain as the central processing hub (Naumann et al., 2015).  According to Naumann et al. (2015) the retina of both mammals and reptiles, captures visual information and relays it for processing in the pallium section of the brain via the tectum and the thalamus. Correspondingly, the olfactory cues from the nose first pass through the olfactory bulb before reaching the pallium. Both reptiles and mammals have a clear three-layered cerebral cortex that is structurally identical to that of the mammalian allocortex (Naumann et al., 2015). The ventral pallium of reptiles also forms the dorsal ventricular ridge, a structure whose equivalent in mammals is still a question of debate among anatomists (Naumann et al., 2015). 

Differences in function of CNS

The differences between the nervous systems of reptiles and mammals are enunciated by differences in the perception/sensing of chemical cues. Generally, receptors that perceive chemical stimuli are described as taste (or gustatory) if they sense dissolved molecules. They are however olfactory (smell) when they detect airborne stimuli. While most mammals tend to rely on their taste buds located in the mouth to discern cues, most reptiles, especially the snakes, rely more on their sense of smell than on taste (Siminoff and Kruger, 1968). In reptiles, these smell detectors are varied and are located in the nasal passages, where they can also undertake sniffing functions, similar to that of our canine counterparts. Most reptiles, particularly the snakes, and certain lizards also have the JacobsonÂ’s Organ, which they use to taste odors directly from their buccal cavities (Noble and Kumpf, 1936). 

Mammals and reptiles further exhibit significant dissimilarity in the manner in which they perceive and regulate thermal energy (Tattersall, Cadena, and Skinner, 2006). While both organisms have thermal sensory organs located on their skin, reptiles have other special organs that are more sensitive to ambient temperature variation than mammals do. For example, certain types of snakes such as pythons and rattlesnakes have pit organs with a remarkable capacity to sense changes in temperature. The sensitivity of this organ allows snakes to detect and trace radiant heat source (Tattersall, Cadena, and Skinner, 2006). 

Moreover, unlike mammals, reptiles are ectothermic organisms. They are therefore behaviorally as well as physiologically adapted to fluctuating temperatures. This adaptation also makes their brain accustomed to extreme thermal conditions; an attribute that is missing in mammals. Additionally, certain reptiles like the freshwater turtle (Chrysemys picta), has evolved nervous and brain adaptations that enable it to survive in anoxic conditions for protracted periods (Naumann et al., 2015). Though this ability to survive hypoxic environments is not yet clearly understood, it is believed the mechanism underlying this adaptation can be exploited for the treatment of brain injury caused by ischemia (Naumann et al., 2015).

Another significant difference between the brain and nervous system of mammals and reptiles is that the region of the brain where emotions are processed is more developed mammals. This region is associated with the limb system to interpret these emotion (Naumann et al., 2015).

Therefore, it is the seat of value judgments and hence exerts a strong influence on our behavioral patterns. The mammalian brain also has an outer brain layer known as the cortex. This region helps mammals analyze and make complex decisions as well as take control of their emotions (DeFelipe, 2013). On the other hand, the reptilian brain is subdivided into a lateral cortex (equivalent to the piriform in mammals) and a medial cortex that sandwiches the dorsal cortex in between. The dorsal cortex serves to receive multi-modal inputs such as visual inputs in turtles (Laurent et al., 2016). Comparative anatomists have also found little evidence of the presence of somatosensory areas in the cortex region of the reptilian brain (Willemet, 2012). 


This comparative study has revealed that the vertebrate brain and spinal cord configuration has a seemingly identical general plan. Regarding function, the peripheral nervous system comprises of a host of sensory and motor nerves. These nerves carry signals back and forth between the CNS and other parts of the body. The spinal cord is confined within the vertebral column. Its primary function is to provide reflex reactions independent of the brain. It also receives inputs from the brainÂ’s higher centers. While this structural configuration reflects a general basic outline in function, it has also been shown that these brains are different – both structurally and functionally. Therefore, although the CNS of reptiles and mammals have similar structure and function, they exhibit some fundamental differences such as kin, and temperature regulation. These differences not only reflect their evolutionary history but also reveals their respective adaptations to their environments. 


Glg online class, almost 40% has been done. Need expert in Geology

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Here is the entire chapter to this..


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if you go to GLG class on the left side you will see all the modules go to 13 and that is where it is

(List of things to turn in.)–%20ONLINE.pdf


I live in Dallas Texas…



Paper #1


Write a brief (5 page) paper, which includes the noted information. Note this is a narrative paper and NOT to be written as a question and answer assignment. The title page and references are not included as part of page count. Use of headings required. Must use APA format.


The purpose of this assignment is to provide each student with the opportunity develop the first 3 steps of the TRIP Model for his/her  translational research project plan to address a burning clinical question to make a practice change.






Number of Points Possible Introduction to topic

Requires citations from the literature


Presentation of Burning Clinical Question/Issue

40 Review of the literature

Must be presented by themes

40 Research Questions

Must contain all elements of PICOT


Includes remarks/comments/track changes from writing center tutor and group members as appendices or separate documents

10 APA format including headings