BIO 220 Week 5 Final Report: Part 3

Using the same environmental issue you chose in Part 1, find three peer-reviewed articles that oppose the position you have taken.


To successfully complete Part 3: Create a third and fourth paragraph using your final report outline. This assignment should be completed on a separate Word document. Make revisions based on any feedback, comments and/or proofreading you received in the final report outline related to these sections. State opposing arguments first and then write your rebuttals to the opposing position (explains why they are wrong or not relevant) on the issue. Include supporting in-text citations and complete references. List all the references at the end of the report.

While GCU style format is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and in-text citations and references should be presented using GCU documentation guidelines, which can be found in the GCU Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.


This assignment uses a grading rubric. Instructors will be using the rubric to grade the assignment; therefore, students should review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the assignment criteria and expectations for successful completion of the assignment.



You are not required to submit this assignment to Turnitin, unless otherwise directed by your instructor. If so directed, refer to the Student Success Center for directions. Only Word documents can be submitted to Turnitin.


discussion week 4

The Discussions are not simply statements of opinion. They are intended to allow you to expand upon and apply the principles discussed in your textbook, the lectures, and/or other research you conduct. Each week a question will be posed for your consideration. Before answering, you should review the chapters covered during this week and the lectures.

For the Week 4 discussion, please pick one of the topics below to discuss. Your initial post should be posted by 11:59 PM ET Thursday of Week 4.  Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length and this MUST  be in your own words. You are required to include at least one reference in your initial post. Do NOT  use Wikipedia , Blurtit , Yahoo Answers, ANY open source or ANY open blog  as a source. They are unacceptable academic resources. Be responsible when researching information and use reliable sources. Also, do NOT copy and paste from the Internet. If you DO quote a phrase, be sure to try and explain the phrase afterward, be sure it is enclosed in quotation marks (“”), and be sure that you show which reference the quote came from. Do not count quoted material or the citation in your 250 word count requirement. Please do not plagiarize. If you quote directly from the source, you MUST  put quotation marks around it AND you MUST  cite the source at the end of your post. It is NOT simply enough to put a source at the end.

You are required  to make at least two additional response posts to two different students (or one student and the professor) on two separate days and not posted on the same day as your initial post. The response posts should be at least 100 words and be substantive in nature. While pleasantries such as “I agree” or “great job” are nice, they will not count as one of your required posts. A complimentary, philosophical, or off-topic comment does not count as one of the three required entries. For example, it does not help us to tell us that you did not know something before you read an entry. All entries should help everyone understand one or more of the concepts presented. Your posts should be on at least 3 separate days with all being completed by 11:59 PM ET Sunday of Week 4.

Refer to the rubric below to see how points are allotted for the discussion board posts.


Threaded Discussion Rubric

Post 1 [Initial post]

60 Points Possible

1. Student submitted an appropriate and substantive post to the original assignment. This includes addressing all of the original questions/issues in a grammatically correct and logical manner.


2. Assignment submitted on time and on a different day than other posts


3. Assignment met word count and Word Count (WC) is stated at the end of the post.


4. An appropriate scientific website was referenced properly and according to APA format.


Post 2 [Response post #1]

20 Points Possible

1. Student submitted an appropriate and substantive response to another student’s post in a grammatically correct and logical manner (this includes proper APA citation of any references used).


2. Assignment submitted on time and on a different day than other posts


3. Assignment met word count and Word Count (WC) is stated at the end of the post.


Post 3 [Response post #2]

20 Points Possible

1. Student submitted an appropriate and substantive response to another student’s post in a grammatically correct and logical manner (this includes proper APA citation of any references used).


2. Assignment submitted on time and on a different day than other posts


3. Assignment met word count and Word Count (WC) is stated at the end of the post.


1.  Take a look at the World POPClock  using this weblink , where you can compare the ever changing world population with years gone by. The current world population is over 6 billion people. Do you believe that the U.S. should be concerned about overpopulation and that immediate action is warranted, or do you believe that the risks of overpopulation have been grossly overstated? What about other parts of the world? It is a requirement to  properly cite  at least one source from your research.

2. Review the various Ecosystems in the US , using this weblink . Research the Internet about the different ecosystems. For your first post, write a description about the particular ecosystem that you live in. What is the ecosystem? What is the climate like? What type of vegetation is there? What is the temperature like? Etc? Your answers should reflect your own observations about your surroundings as well as those found on websites. It is a requirement to properly cite  at least one source from your research.


3.  Everything we do on this planet leaves a mark. An ecological footprint is the degree of human impact on our ecosystems. Americans are at the top of the list for their detrimental footprints on our ever increasing fragile planet. Take the Ecological Footprint Quiz on the following weblink  below.


Share with the class your results. How does your personal footprint compare to others in America or others around the world? Do you personally do things which should help to lessen your footprint? Have you within recent years changed your habits or actions to help the planet? Do you think that global warming and destruction of our planet is really severe or do you think it is all public hype? Are the Earth’s forests disappearing? Does it matter if they are? Is there any hope for our planet? What are your suggestions or concerns? It is a requirement to  properly cite  at least one source from your research.


  Madeline Mevis  World Overpopulation COLLAPSE



Forms of data in health care.


Research  the forms of data

used in the system of your choice. This system could be your own health care

organization, the Patton-Fuller Community Hospital found in the University of

Phoenix Virtual Organizations, or an organization from the course readings.

   Create  a 10- to 15-slide Microsoft®

PowerPoint® presentation, including detailed speaker notes, that

identifies the forms of data collected and used in your chosen system. Include

at least one slide per form of data.


  Answer  the following questions:

  Where do the data come

from, such as outside test results? Where do the data

go—patient record, printer, physician folder, or other destination? How are the different forms

of data used? What is the importance of

each form of data? What kinds of data does the

organization send out, such as quality measures, patient billing, purchase

orders, and so forth? What security measures are

taken to protect the data? What kinds of data do

senior executives want mined? What do they use the data

for? Who mines the data and who

uses it? What kinds of statistics

are used to validate the data?


Develop  a statistical validation as an example by

mining some data from the system of your choice, graphing it, explaining it,

and discussing why it is important





Recent scientific advances now make it possible to choose the sex of an unborn child via IVF. Please read about…

Recent scientific advances now make it possible to choose the sex of an unborn child via IVF. Please read about the ethical and technical debate here:  http ://idebate .org /debatabase /debates/philosphical -political-theory/house-believes-parents-should-be-able-choose-sex-their-children. We can also use modern genetics to prevent the tragedy of a life doomed by heredity; embryos can now be screened for some genetic diseases. But what constitutes a disease? Should genetic testing be used to select not only sex, but a child’s other characteristics? If so, which characteristics would you want to screen for in your child (such as eye or hair color)? Read the article on embryo selection and discuss what do you think of these mothers and their actions?  How to Buy a Daughter – Slate Health & Science 
Discussion posts should be at least 400 words


Assignment 2: Cohort Follow-up Studies: Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)



Due Week 7 and worth 240 points

Use the Internet and Strayer databases, and recall your readings in Chapter 11 of Introduction to Epidemiology and Chapter 7 of Epidemiology for Public Health Practice to complete this assignment.

Write a five to six (5-6) page paper in which you:

1.       Through cohort study designs and other evidence-based management studies, identify the major causes of CVD, and analyze the key steps, including current medications, used to address the disease.

2.       Develop at least five (5) leading questions that may be posed to your local health department in regard to mitigating the proliferation of the disease. Provide a sound rationale for raising these questions.

3.       Based on the five (5) questions you developed in Question two (2), provide a rudimentary protocol to disseminate this information to your local community leaders.

4.       Recommend six (6) steps that may be given to your current or previous place of employment to prevent the proliferation of CVD. Provide support for your recommendations.

5.       Use at least six (6) peer-reviewed academic resources in this assignment. These must come from journal sources. Note: Fact Sheets, Wikipedia, and non-academic Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

·         Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

·         Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

·         Analyze evidence-based management, case-control studies, cohorts and randomized clinical trials utilized in clinical epidemiology, and decision making.

·         Examine the application of epidemiology to specific diseases.

·         Use technology and information resources to research issues in managerial epidemiology.

·         Write clearly and concisely about managerial epidemiology using proper writing mechanics.






“Mitochondria, Water, Molecules, and Cell Structures”

Note: Online students, please respond to one (1) of the following four (4) bulleted options. The cell is comprised of very important components including the  mitochondria. Please view this video describing mitochondrial disease  which is found here.  Keep in mind that one of the symptoms of mitochondrial disease is  fatigue (weak and tired). Next discuss two (2) functions of mitochondria  and why you believe each of these functions is important. Then explain  two (2) ways that the inability of mitochondria to perform their proper  function can account for mitochondrial disease symptoms. Justify your  response.

Water is essential to life. Briefly discuss three (3) properties of  water then explain what is meant by the structure of water accounting  for each of its properties. Next choose one (1) of the properties of  water below and explain two (2) ways the property can be useful for  living systems.  Cohesion Adhesion High Specific Heat Floating Ice Good Solvent Properties Dissociation of water molecules

Are you really what you eat? Many of us have heard the saying, “you  are what you eat”. Please view the quick crash course on carbohydrates,  lipids, and proteins here then  describe the processes needed to distinguish whether a biological  molecule is a carbohydrate, lipid, or protein. Next consider your daily  intake of foods this week and note the various carbohydrates, lipids,  and proteins you ingested. Discuss three (3) ways that your diet relates  to the molecules of life and their function. Justify your response.

Consider three (3) structures and functions of a cell then provide a  100 to 250 word explanation based on the following question: “How do  varied membrane composition and the structural features of molecules in  different cells contribute to membrane function?”


urgent private

5 questions to be answered in 2 hours

very easy


HPR205 Week 3 Discussion 1


Last names that begin with A through M: Select the nervous system for your initial post.  Choose one of the CDC’s five most common chronic      diseases (heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, or arthritis) and      describe the anatomical and physiological changes associated with the      nervous system.  Describe normal function of the system and how the      disease alters the normal function.  List signs and symptoms that      indicate the disease has developed, specific to the system being      covered.  Identify and describe steps people can take to reduce their      risk of developing the chronic disease

Last names that begin with N through Z: Select the endocrine system for your initial post. Choose one of the CDC’s five most common chronic      diseases (heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, or arthritis) and      describe the anatomical and physiological changes associated with the endocrine      system.  Describe normal function of the system and how the disease      alters the normal function.  List signs and symptoms that indicate      the disease has developed, specific to the system being covered.       Identify and describe steps people can take to reduce their risk of      developing the chronic disease.

Use two scholarly sources (one may be your course text) to support your initial post. All sources must be referenced and cited according to APA guidelines as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Your initial post should be 250 words at a minimum.

Guided Response: Review several of your classmates’ initial posts. Respond to one post by a classmate who covered the nervous system and one post by a classmate who covered the endocrine system.  Choose a comorbid condition associated with the disease chosen by the student to whom you are responding.  List signs and symptoms associated with the comorbidity.  List factors that contribute to the development of the comorbidity as well as steps the person can take to avoid the development of the problem.  Describe the impact of the comorbid condition on a patient’s physical and mental health. Your responses must be at least 100 words in length.


2 discussions

Chapter 8 Discussion – Personal Assessments of HIV Risk

Chapter 8 was a little overwhelming. There were so many theoretical descriptions of how people make decisions about their choice of sex partners, and other risky behaviors. Does anyone actually think like this? The truth is, that most of us make potentially life altering decisions in the blink of an eye. Yet behind those split-second decisions, there is an evolutionary history, dating back to early man. Intuition, as we might call it, is probably an unconscious series of decisions made based on associations with people and lifetime experiences.  All of these flashes of memory are confounded in the present with fear, lust, emotion and other biases, well before logical thinking comes into the picture.

The best way to understand these concepts is probably not to read about them in a textbook, but to discuss them, bringing to mind our own experiences, and those of people whom we have known. The task for this discussion will be to give an example of how someone you have known or read about has used one of these decision-making models to make a life-altering decision in their own life, and how it has affected them. Remember, we should be focusing our discussion on the situation, not the person involved, so don’t identify any person by name.

If you can’t think of a real-life situation to use as an example, use a character from a well known book or movie, or explain a theoretical situation that might happen in real life. Or write something more general about one of these topics.



a. Give an example of how optimistic bias has influenced the attitude of a young person about their risk of becoming infected with HIV.

b. Explain how the representative heuristic has led to an irrational fear in yourself, or someone you have known, that HIV can be transmitted by casual contact.

As usual, upload your post of 150-200 words.

Chapter 9 Discussion – Principles of Health Behavior Change

Read about the 7 principles of health behavior change in Chapter 9 p.160-166. These are the factors that need to be considered when developing programs to educate the public about behavioral change in promoting safe sex.

1. The Cognitive Principle

2. The Emotional Principle

3. The Behavioral Principle

4. The Interpersonal Principle

5. The Social Ecological Principle

6. The Structural Principle

7. The Scientific Principle

For the discussion this week, we will be practicing working with the principles above. Each of you should choose one of these principles. Explain the principle and how you would incorporate it when developing an AIDS prevention program. You can make up a scenario for a hypothetical target demographic, use an example or keep it general. You don’t need to develop an extensive educational program. You only need to develop the one aspect of a program that employs the principle that you are discussing.

As usual, upload your post of 150-200 words.